Cement is a binding material which makes a bond between construction aggregates and reinforce them together. With the development of technology, quality and types of cement have also developed. It is one of the vital materials utilized for
construction, such as offices, houses, shops, etc. Other most commonly used building materials are metals, bricks, concrete, clay, and construction aggregates, etc. At times, even the naturally occurring substances, such as sand, wood, rocks,
twigs, and leaves, are used as building materials instead of cement. The cement industry is renowned worldwide. The core of any project related to construction depends on designs and the kind of materials used. The materials used for
construction have played an integral role in human evolution and standards of living.
These materials related to building including cement can date back to 400 B.C. Structures such as dams, bridges, canals, and roads have been around since pre-history of around some thousands of years. Initially, buildings were constructed out
of perishable materials such as branches, animal hides, and leaves. With time new elements were introduced, like clay, timber, and stone. Later came the age of concrete and bricks. With the advent of the industrial revolution, metals and steel
came into the picture. These were considered as a revolution in the field of architecture. Today, we can see various buildings made of concrete, wood, bricks, glass, and steel.
The worldwide market for the industry is estimated to exceed $1 trillion by the year 2021, because of many factors like the global economy and various construction activities worldwide. Specifically, Asia is the largest and fastest-growing
market in the world. It is because of rapid industrialization and urbanization, rising housing needs of a growing population, growth in business activity and the resulting increase in commercial construction projects. China remains the leading
construction market worldwide, despite the recent slowdown in economic growth.
Construction business is one of the largest and major driving forces of the Indian economy. Cement plays a vital role in it. The industry works on building roads, bridges, airports, high-rise offices etc.
Data says that it employs almost over three crore people. The sector itself creates assets worth over 20,000 crores which contribute to the national economy.
Grey cement (or standard Portland Cement) is probably among the most crucial elements utilized in construction. Its materials comprise elevated levels of manganese oxide and iron oxide. Its contaminants are fine than that cement.
It consumes less energy when compared with snowy cement. It’s affordable. Grey cement is utilized to build high-rise properties, dams, bridges and industrial and residential complexes.
Portland White cement, as the name implies, is a white cement. It differs from standard Portland cement being high priced, more elegant, and lighter. There is a high demand for white cement for construction material for construction
in warmer states because more heat is reflected. This could be a basis for India being the 5th largest white glue producer with approximately one metric ton produced each year.
Cement Paint is otherwise known as concrete paint; cement paint is durable and water-resistant. The principal ingredients of the color are all Portland cement, lime, and some pigments. Besides this, this paint includes accelerators,
fungicides, fillers, and water repellents. It comes in the shape of a powder that’s combined with water.